Carbon steel coupons were set in the tidal zone of a French seaport for 7 years with or without cathodic protection. The average corrosion rates decreased from 90 um yr-1 to 9 um yr-1 under cathodic protection. The corrosion product layers covering the unprotected coupons, characterized by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, were mainly made up of magnetite and Fe(III) oxyhydroxides, with magnetite being clearly predominant. The products of the residual corrosion process under cathodic protection, similar to those observed at open circuit potential, formed a thin layer on the steel surface under the calcareous deposit.
La revue "CORROSION SCIENCE"
(Volume 90 - pages 375-392)